A5. April 6, 1973 Pioneer 11 a.k.a. Pioneer G



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-Pioneer 11 a.k.a. Pioneer G April 6, 1973
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pi11_01 inset-20070905-22855-3 Pioneer-10-and-11-plaque  Pio11_8feb2012
Pioneer 11 a.k.a. Pioneer G April 6, 1973
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_11
Pioneer 11 (also known as Pioneer G) is a 259 kilogram (569 lb) robotic space probe launched by NASA on April 6, 1973 to study the asteroid belt, the environment around Jupiter and Saturn, solar wind, cosmic rays, and eventually the far reaches of the solar system and heliosphere.[1] It was the first probe to encounter Saturn and the second to fly through the asteroid belt and by Jupiter. Due to power constraints and the vast distance to the probe, communication was lost on November 30, 1995.
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http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1973-019A
http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/P/Pioneer_anomaly.html
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800px-Pioneer_G_(Pioneer_11)_launch PIONEER 800px-Pioneer_11_Saturn_Rings
1973-04-06
Spacecraft launched at 02:11:00.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Friday, April 6, 1973
Result: 26 days
2,246,400 seconds
37,440 minutes
624 hours
26 days
3 weeks
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EXACT TIME:
Start of mission
Launch date: April 6, 1973, 02:11:00 UTC
Rocket: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur-D1A Star-37E
Launch site: Cape Canaveral LC-36B
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Friday, April 6, 1973 at 2:11:00 AM
Result: 25 days, 12 hours, 6 minutes and 0 seconds
2,203,560 seconds
36,726 minutes
612 hours (rounded down)
25 days (rounded down)
3 weeks
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InnerSolarSystem-en 800px-Main_belt_i_vs_a 640px-951_Gaspra 800px-AllendeMeteorite  800px-Main_belt_e_vs_a 792px-Kirkwood_Gaps.svg Zodiacal Asteroid_proper_elements_i_vs_e
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1974-04-19
Passage through the asteroid belt.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Friday, April 19, 1974
Result: 405 days
1 year, 1 month, 9 days
34,992,000 seconds
583,200 minutes
9720 hours
405 days
57 weeks
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– PIONEER c5bs F13_04a Pioneer_10_image_of_Jupiter_(image_A5) Jupiter-Pioneer-10 c8_t JUP_74HC680 Pioneer_f11 images images (1) c5_t images (2) c8_t (1) solarsystemwiki-Jupiter-300x300 Pioneer10_Jupiter_320__original p122b  P11C06 Pioneer_f12 Pioneer_f18 P11C03 Pioneer_f08 Pioneer_f15 Pioneer_11_-_Jupiter_-_p176 Pioneer11_Io
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1974-11-03
Start Jupiter observation phase.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Sunday, November 3, 1974
Result: 603 days
1 year, 7 months, 24 days
52,099,200 seconds
868,320 minutes
14,472 hours
603 days
86 weeks
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Start Jupiter observation phase.
Time Event
1974-12-02 Encounter with Jovian system.
08:21:00 Callisto flyby at 786,500 km.
22:09:00 Ganymede flyby at 692,300 km.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Monday, December 2, 1974 at 8:21:00 AM
Result: 630 days, 18 hours, 16 minutes and 0 seconds
1 year, 8 months, 20 days
54,497,760 seconds
908,296 minutes
15,138 hours
630 days
90 weeks
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To Monday, December 2, 1974 at 10:09:00 PM
Result: 631 days, 8 hours, 4 minutes and 0 seconds
1 year, 8 months, 21 days
54,547,440 seconds
909,124 minutes
15,152 hours
631 days
90 weeks
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1974-12-03
03:11:00 Io flyby at 314,000 km.
04:15:00 Europa flyby at 586,700 km.
05:00:21 Jupiter shadow entry.
05:01:01 Jupiter occultation entry.
05:21:19 Jupiter closest approach at 42,828 km.
05:33:52 Jupiter shadow exit.
05:43:03 Jupiter occultation exit.
22:29:00 Amalthea flyby at 127,500 km.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Tuesday, December 3, 1974 at 3:11:00 AM
Result: 631 days, 13 hours, 6 minutes and 0 seconds
1 year, 8 months, 21 days
54,565,560 seconds
909,426 minutes
15,157 hours
631 days
90 weeks
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Flyby of Jupiter, Closest approach December 3, 1974
43,000 kilometers (27,000 miles)
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Tuesday, December 3, 1974
Result: 632 days
1 year, 8 months, 22 days
54,604,800 seconds
910,080 minutes
15,168 hours
632 days
90 weeks
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EXACT TIME:
From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Tuesday, December 3, 1974 at 5:21:19 AM
Result: 631 days, 15 hours, 16 minutes and 19 seconds
1 year, 8 months, 21 days
54,573,379 seconds
909,556 minutes
15,159 hours
631 days
90 weeks
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1975-01-01
Phase stop.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Wednesday, January 1, 1975
Result: 661 days
1 year, 9 months, 21 days
57,110,400 seconds
951,840 minutes
15,864 hours
661 days
94 weeks
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P11g21 P11saturnb P11saturn P11F81 800px-Pioneer_11_Saturn_Rings images (4) pioapproach i2-19 piop3 Pioneer_11_f17 planets-11-470-1109-56430407 (1) planets-11-470-1109-56430407 images (3) scan-52 Pioneer_11_at_Saturn
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1979-07-31
Start Saturn observation phase.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Tuesday, July 31, 1979
Result: 2333 days
6 years, 4 months, 20 days
201,571,200 seconds
3,359,520 minutes
55,992 hours
2333 days
333 weeks
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Start Saturn observation phase.
Time Event
1979-08-29 Encounter with Saturnian system.
06:06:10 Iapetus flyby at 1,032,535 km.
11:53:33 Phoebe flyby at 13,713,574 km.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Wednesday, August 29, 1979 at 6:06:10 AM
Result: 2361 days, 16 hours, 1 minute and 10 seconds
6 years, 5 months, 17 days
204,048,070 seconds
3,400,801 minutes
56,680 hours
2361 days
337 weeks
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Wednesday, August 29, 1979 at 11:53:33 AM
Result: 2361 days, 21 hours, 48 minutes and 33 seconds
6 years, 5 months, 17 days
204,068,913 seconds
3,401,148 minutes
56,685 hours
2361 days
337 weeks
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1979-08-31
12:32:33 Hyperion flyby at 666,153 km.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Friday, August 31, 1979 at 12:32:33 PM
Result: 2363 days, 22 hours, 27 minutes and 33 seconds
6 years, 5 months, 19 days
204,244,053 seconds
3,404,067 minutes
56,734 hours
2363 days
337 weeks
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1979-09-01
14:26:56 Descending ring plane crossing.
14:50:55 Epimetheus flyby at 6,676 km.
15:06:32 Atlas flyby at 45,960 km.
15:59:30 Dione flyby at 291,556 km.
16:26:28 Mimas flyby at 104,263 km.
16:29:34 Saturn closest approach at 20,591 km.
16:35:00 Saturn occultation entry.
16:35:57 Saturn shadow entry.
16:51:11 Janus flyby at 228,988 km.
17:53:32 Saturn occultation exit.
17:54:47 Saturn shadow exit.
18:21:59 Ascending ring plane crossing.
18:25:34 Tethys flyby at 329,197 km.
18:30:14 Enceladus flyby at 222,027 km.
20:04:13 Calypso flyby at 109,916 km.
22:15:27 Rhea flyby at 345,303 km.
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Flyby of Saturn, Closest approach September 1, 1979
Distance 21,000 kilometers (13,000 miles)
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Saturday, September 1, 1979
Result: 2365 days
6 years, 5 months, 21 days
204,336,000 seconds
3,405,600 minutes
56,760 hours
2365 days
337 weeks
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EXACT TIME:
From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Saturday, September 1, 1979 at 4:29:34 PM
Result: 2365 days, 2 hours, 24 minutes and 34 seconds
6 years, 5 months, 21 days
204,344,674 seconds
3,405,744 minutes
56,762 hours
2365 days
337 weeks
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1979-09-02
18:00:33 Titan flyby at 362,962 km.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973 at 2:05:00 PM
To: Sunday, September 2, 1979 at 6:00:33 PM
Result: 2366 days, 3 hours, 55 minutes and 33 seconds
6 years, 5 months, 22 days
204,436,533 seconds
3,407,275 minutes
56,787 hours
2366 days
338 weeks
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1979-10-05 Phase stop.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Friday, October 5, 1979
Result: 2399 days
6 years, 6 months, 24 days
207,273,600 seconds
3,454,560 minutes
57,576 hours
2399 days
342 weeks
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bsf9-2g images (2) 8_pioneerplaque pioneer-plaque GPN-2000-001621 is_probe_trajectory-500x388 Pioneer-10-Interstellar-Greeting-Plaque-on-probe1 images (1) images download bubble_big
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***1979-10-05
Begin Pioneer Interstellar Mission.
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Friday, October 5, 1979
Result: 2400 days
6 years, 6 months, 25 days including the end date
207,360,000 seconds
3,456,000 minutes
57,600 hours
2400 days
342 weeks
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On September 29, 1995, NASA’s Ames Research Center, responsible for managing the project, issued a press release that began, “After nearly 22 years of exploration out to the farthest reaches of the Solar System, one of the most durable and productive space missions in history will come to a close.”
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To: Friday, September 29, 1995
Result: 8237 days
22 years, 6 months, 18 days
711,676,800 seconds
11,861,280 minutes
197,688 hours
8237 days
1176 weeks
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End of mission
Last contact: November 30, 1995
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From: Sunday, March 11, 1973
To Thursday, November 30, 1995
Result: 8299 days
22 years, 8 months, 19 days
717,033,600 seconds
11,950,560 minutes
199,176 hours
8299 days
1185 weeks
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